Managers frequently ask me if they should go back to school to get an advanced degree, and this is an important question. You may have heard the term “professional student,” and people who enjoy school often pursue additional education without a clear goal in mind. Whether you’re considering this path to increase your potential in your career career or using it as a jumping off point to a new career, you should first perform a cost/benefit analysis to determine how a degree program will help you. Let’s look at a few key steps.
Determine if It’s Realistic
Check out the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook Handbook to see what education is needed for your chosen path, and then map out a plan for how you’ll use the training and degree to facilitate it. When you return to school after a few years in the workforce, it might not be as easy as it was when you were 18, for now you might be balancing a spouse, children, work, community responsibilities, or even the care of elderly parents or grandparents. You should determine, upfront, if it’s realistic to fit school into your life at this time.
Consider Your Options
Depending on your anticipated career trajectory, different educational options may be open to you, including:
- Master’s Degree (MA or MS.): earned after the BA or BS; involves writing a thesis at the conclusion of approximately two years of coursework in a particular discipline.
- Doctorate of Philosophy (Ph.D.) or Education (Ed.D.): usually earned after the master’s degree with a number of years of advanced, graduate level seminar work and a doctoral thesis based on original research.
- Juris Doctor (JD.): earned after the completion of a three year law school program.
- Doctor of Medicine (MD.): earned after the completion of a four year medical school program and typically followed by a period of clinical training in the form of an internship and/or residency.
Think Through Formal Vs. Informal Approaches
As a result of your research, you may learn that returning to school for a formal degree is unnecessary. Instead, you might consider short-term training workshops in your new field, a certificate or vocational program offered through a local community college or university extension program, or a retraining program through a career center or outplacement service that focuses on the acquisition of a specific group of skills.
If becoming a full-time student isn’t conducive to your lifestyle, many educational institutions accommodate part-time schedules in which classes are held in the evenings and on the weekends. Distance learning shouldn’t be ruled out either. The only drawback to alternative approaches is that it may take you longer to finish a program.
Narrow Down Your Choices
Once you’ve decided on the type of program, scour the Internet and reference books for the schools that offer what you need and make a list of your top choices. Every institution on your short list should be accredited, which means that it has been independently evaluated and has met standards of quality set by the United States Department of Education and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation.
Ask the Right Questions
Long-term, formal degree programs should be vetted by interviews with current faculty members or students before you apply. What should you ask in these conversations? The website MsMoney.com provides these sample questions for those considering business school:
- What are the backgrounds/qualifications of the faculty?
- What is the student-to-faculty ratio? How accessible are faculty members?
- What percentage of applicants is accepted? What is their background?
- What is a standard course load? How long do students typically take to graduate?
- What is the condition of the physical facilities (classrooms, libraries, etc.)?
- Is the curriculum targeted at a particular industry or purpose (high tech, entrepreneurship, manufacturing, etc.), and, if so, does the academic emphasis fit your interests?
- What job placement resources are available? Which companies recruit on campus?
- What percentage of students is placed in jobs?
Finance Your Program
Higher education is indeed expensive, but the situation is not as bad as you might think. The website Back2College.com and the College Board recently reported that 65 percent of students at four year schools pay tuition of under $9K a year, and 56 percent pay between $3K and $6K. Additionally, 62 percent of full-time students receive grants. Aid in the form of grants and tax benefits averaged about $2.2K per student at two year public schools, over $3.1K at public four year schools, and $9K at private four year schools.
You can calculate the approximate costs for obtaining an additional degree by inputting the schools you’re interested in and the number of years you’ll be attending on the Princeton Review, CNN Money, and Yahoo! Finance websites.
Scared by the number? If you plan to keep working while you’re in school, your company may have a tuition assistance program of which you can take advantage. You can also use online scholarship search services such as www.finaid.org and www.scholarships.com, visit your bank of choice to learn about low-interest loans, and work with your accountant to leverage education tax credits such as the Lifetime Learning Tax Credit.
Don’t assume that you won’t qualify for financial aid, as many sources are offered regardless of financial need or credit history. Most federal and state aid programs don’t have age limits, and if you’re a single parent, you may be automatically eligible. As soon as you make the decision to return to school, submit the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) to see what assistance Uncle Sam can provide!
For those who are considering returning to school, what has your decision making process been like? What factors are most important, and how has is your current role as a leader in your organization influencing you?